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Knitting is the construction of the elastic, porous fabric, created by interlocking yarns by means of needles. Knitted fabrics can be made much more quickly and easily than woven fabrics at comparatively less cost.

Two yarns forming loops in each course of the fabric knit the fabric. Knitting machines form loops of yarn with many pointed needles or shafts. The vertical rows of loops are called ribs or wales, and horizontal rows of loops are called courses.

Knitted fabrics are generally light in weight, comfortable in wear even during travel, but yet require little care to keep their neat appearance. The tendency of knits to resist wrinkling is another factor to boost up their popularity.

Knitted fabrics are used for designing active clothing such as sports clothing. Their elastic nature permits for abundant physical activity.

Knit Schematics

Weft or filling knits are constructed from one yarn that is fed into knitting machine needles in a horizontal direction.

The circular knitting machine creates a spiral effect as it produces a fabric in tabular form. Because of this spiral characteristic, it is often difficult to have the wales and courses of the knit fabric form a perfect 90-degree angle match.

Knitted fabrics are produced by two general methods – warp knitting, and weft knitting, and each method produces a variety of types of knitted fabrics.

Knitted Fabric Knits

  • Weft Knits
    • Single Knits
      • Single Jersey
      • Lacoste
    • Double Knits
      • Rib Knit
      • Purl Knit
      • Interlock Knit
      • Cable Fabric
      • Bird’s Eye
      • Cardigans
      • Milano Ribs
      • Pointelle
  • Specialized Weft Knits
    • Intarsia
    • Jacquard Jerseys
    • Knitted Terry
    • Knitted Velour
    • Sliver Knit
    • Fleece
    • French Terry
  • Warp Knits
    • Tricot
    • Raschel

Either a circular or a flat-bed knitting machine can be used to make weft knits. Four basic stitches are used in the weft of filling knits.

  1. Jersey stitch/plain knit
  2. Purl stitch
  3. Rib stitch
  4. Interlock stitch (both for single and double knits)

Knitted Fabric Types


Flat or Jersey Knit Fabric
Flat or Jersey Knit fabrics have visible flat vertical lines on the front and dominant horizontal ribs on the back of the fabric. The flat or jersey knit stitch is used frequently, it is fast, inexpensive, and can be varied to produce fancy patterned fabrics. A major disadvantage of regular flat knits is their tendency to “run” if a yarn is broken. The flat or jersey stitch can be varied by using different yarns or double-looped stitches of different lengths to make terry, velour, and plush fabrics. This stitch is also used in making nylon hosiery, men’s underwear, and t-shirts.

Flat or Jersey Knit Fabric






Purl Knit Fabric
Purl Knit Fabrics look the same on both sides of the fabric. Many attractive patterns and designs can be created with the purl stitch. It is often used in the manufacture of bulky sweaters and children’s clothing. The production speed is generally slow with Purl knits.
Purl Knit is made by knitting yarn as alternate knit and purl stitch in one wale of the fabric. The fabric has alternate courses of knit stitch and purl stitch. The fabric is reversible and identical on both sides of the fabric. The fabric does not curl and lies flat. It is more stretchable in length direction.

Purl Knit Fabric






Rib Stitch Knit Fabric
Rib Stitch Knits have stitches drawn to both sides of the fabric, which produces columns of wales on both the front and back of the fabric. Rib stitch produces fabrics that have excellent elasticity. Rib knits are used for the “ribbing” which is usually found at the lower edges of sweaters, on sleeve cuffs, and at necklines. The Rib-knit fabric is made by knitting yarn as alternate knit stitch and purl stitch in one course of the fabric. The fabric has alternate wales of knit and purl stitches. It is reversible fabric, as they look identical on both sides of the fabric. They may be made with both flat and circular knitting machines.

Rib Stitch Knit Fabric







Cardigans are a variation of Rib Knit with half Cardigan and Full Cardigan varieties. The fabric has specific patterns of tuck stitches. These produce a raised effect and hence, cardigans are a thicker fabric.

Half Cardigan
The Half Cardigan is made of one course of all knit on both needle beds and second course of all knit on front needles and all tuck on back needles. The tuck loops present in the fabric reduce the stretch in width direction. It is not reversible fabric. They are generally coarsely knitted and used for making pullovers and sweaters.

Full Cardigan
The Full Cardigan is made of a repeat of one course of all knit on front needles and all tuck on back needles, the second course of all tuck on front needles and all knit on back needles. Full Cardigan looks identical on both sides. Excessive tuck loops make the fabric bulky and thick. It is usually knitted in coarser gauge and widely used in making sweaters and fashion garments. Cardigans are usually made of Wool or Acrylic.

Milano Ribs
Milano Ribs are a variant of Rib Knit with half Milano and full Milano variations. The fabric has specific patterns of knitting and misses.

Half Milano
Half Milano is made of a repeat of one course of all knit on both needle beds and second course of all knit on front needles only. It has an unbalanced structure. It is usually knitted coarse gauge and widely used for making sweaters.

Full Milano
Full Milano is made of a repeat of one course of all knit on both needle beds, the second course of all knit on front needles only and the third course of all knit on back needles only. Full Milano is finely knitted fabric and has better coverage. It has greater dimensional stability than half Milano rib. It is widely used as suiting fabrics.

Interlock Stitch Knit Fabric
Interlock stitch Knits are variations of rib stitch knits. The front and back of interlocks are the same. These fabrics are usually heavier and thicker than regular rib knit fabrics unless used with finer yarns. The interlocking of stitches prevents runs and produces apparel fabrics that do not ravel or curl at the edges.

Interlock Stitch Knit Fabric






Double Knit Fabric
Double Knits are made from the interlock stitches and its variations. The process involves the use of two pairs of needles set at an angle to each other. Fibers that the generally used to make double knits are polyester and wool. Double knits are weft knitted fabrics made with two sets of needle beds. The fabric structure is more stable and compact. The fabrics do not curl at the edges and do not ravel. They may be made with interesting designs and textures. One or two yarns are used to knit one course in the fabric.

Double Knit Fabric






Warp Knitted Fabric
Warp knitted fabrics are made in a special knitting machine with yarns from warp beam. Unlike weft knits, they are knitted from multiple yarns, with yarns forming loops in adjacent wales. The fabric may be identified with a pick glass. The face side of the fabric has slightly inclined vertical knitting loops whereas the backside of the fabric has inclined horizontal floats. They do not ravel. Warp knit fabrics are constructed with yarn loops formed in a vertical or warp direction. All the yarns used for a width of a warp knit are placed parallel to each other in a manner similar to the placement of yarns in weaving. The fabrics that are made of great quality with the technique are generally made with Tricot and Raschel knits.

Warp Knitted Fabric







Tricot Knit Fabric
Tricot knits are made almost exclusively from filament yarns because uniform diameter and high quality are essential yarn characteristics for use with the very high-speed tricot knitting machines. Fabrics constructed by the tricot knitting machine are usually plain or have a simple geometric design. The front surface of the fabric has clearly defined vertical wales, and the back surface has crosswise courses.

Tricot Knit Fabric









Raschel Knit Fabric
Raschel knits are produced from spun or filament yarns of different weights and types. Most raschel knits can be identified by their intricate designs, the open-space look of crochet or lace, and an almost three-dimensional surface effect design.

Raschel Knit Fabric







Cable Knit Fabric
Cable fabric is a double knit fabric made by the special loop transfer technique. The wales in the fabric have a rope-like an appearance, where plaits are based on the transfer of loops with adjacent wales. The fabric has an interesting surface texture like braids as the loops cross each other. It is widely used as sweater fabric.

Cable Knit Fabric







Bird’s Eye Knit Fabric
Bird’s eye is a double knit fabric with a combination of tuck stitches along with knitting stitches. The tuck stitch creates interesting eyelet or hole effect on the fabric surface resembling a bird’s eye. FabThe fabric usually made of multi-colored threads creating scrambling effect. The fabric may be made with designs having eyelets. They are a popular clothing fabric, especially women’s wear.

Bird’s Eye Knit Fabric






Pointelle Knit Fabric
Pointelle is a type of double knit fabric. The fabric has patterned miss stitches. The fabric has looked like lace, with holes made by these transferred stitches. The feminine look of the fabric makes it ideal for women’s tops and kids wear.

Pointelle Knit Fabric






Intarsia Knit Fabric
Intarsia is patterned single knit fabric. It is made of knitting multi-colored yarns. The fabric has the same course knitted in different colors with different yarns. It has colored designs as blocks distributed in different color backgrounds. The patterns look identical on both the face and backside of the fabric. There are no floats found on the backside of the fabric. It is typically used to make shirts, blouses, and sweaters.

Intarsia Knit Fabric







Jacquard Knit Fabric
Jacquard Jerseys are single jersey fabrics made of Circular Knitting machines using Jacquard mechanism. They are the simplest method of making patterned fabrics. They are produced with interesting patterns, which may have any of the following:

Combinations of stitches, or

Combinations of yarn types in terms of color textures etc.

Jacquard fabrics have different colored loops made of different threads in the same course. Floats are an inherent feature of single jersey jacquards. They are widely used in the sweater industry.

Jacquard Knit Fabric






Knitted Terry Fabric
Knitted Terry is pile jersey fabric made with a special attachment in regular
circular knitting machines similar to woven fabrics. The fabric has loops on the fabric surface. The fabric is made of two sets of yarns, in which one set of yarn makes the pile, while the other set of yarn makes the base fabric.
Knit terry is softer, more flexible and is more comfortable than woven terry fabrics. However, they are not firm and durable as woven terry. Owing to its softness and absorbency, it is widely used in beachwear, towels, bathrobes etc.

Knitted Velour Fabric






French Terry Fabric
French Terry It is a type of Weft Insertion Jersey. The piles on the fabric are not napped and the technical back of the fabric is used as face side. French Terry has loops or piles on one side only. The piles of the French Terry are much shorter when compared to usual Terry. The fabric has excellent stretch and gives fleece like a handle. These features make the fabric more comfortable hence, they are popularly used in clothing, especially infants and kids. French Terry is widely used in sportswear, jogging suits and workout suits owing to its absorbency and stretch.

French Terry Fabric






Knitted Velour Fabric
Knitted Velour are Pile jersey fabrics having soft protruding fibers on the fabric surface. Like knit terry, they are also made of an additional set of yarns making pile loops on the fabric surface. However, in Velour, these pile loops are sheared evenly and brushed. It may be dyed and generally available with solid colors. They are used in luxurious apparels like jackets, blouses, dresses etc.

Knitted Velour Fabric






Sliver Knit Fabric
The Sliver Knit is Pile jersey fabric. Unlike Velour fabric, Sliver knit fabric is characterized by a longer pile on the fabric surface. It is made of special circular knitting machines in which the surface fibers imitating fur are attached to the fabric, by means of knitting sliver along with base yarn making the fabric. Sliver knit fabrics have longer and denser piles on the fabric surface than other pile jerseys. Animal printed sliver knit fabrics are popularly used as imitation fur fabrics. They are more popular than fur as they are light, more stretchable and do not require special care for storage. They are widely used in making jackets and coats.

Sliver Knit Fabric






Fleece Knit Fabric
Fleece is a type of weft insertion jersey. Weft insertion fabrics are weft knitted fabrics in which an additional yarn is inserted for each course. These additional yarns are not knit, rather they are held by the loops in each course of the fabric. The inserted yarn may be decorative or functional like stretch yarn. It provides stability, cover, and comfort. The insertion yarn is usually coarser than the base yarn. When the insertion yarn forming piles are sheared and napped, it is called Fleece. They are usually made of Cotton, Cotton/Polyester, Wool, and Acrylic. End Uses include jackets, dresses, sportswear, and sweaters.

Fleece Knit Fabric






Types of Woven Fabrics

  • Buckram Fabric

It is a stiff coated fabric made from a lightweight loosely woven fabric, impregnated with adhesives and fillers. This fabric is used as interfacing so as to provide support and shape retention to necklines, collars, belts, cuffs, waistbands, button closures etc in garments. They are also used as reinforcements for handbags and other articles.

Buckram Fabric






  • Cambric Fabric

Cambric a lightweight fabric woven in plain weave and produced with a stiff finish. It is suitable for women’s dresses and children’s dresses that require crispness.

Cambric Fabric






  • Casement Fabric

Casement is a medium weight cotton fabric made of closely packed thick warp yarns. Generally, it is used for curtains, table linen, upholstery and rarely used for dresses.

Casement Fabric






  • Cheese Cloth

It is a popular lightweight sheer fabric having an open weave. It has a low count fabric consisting of carded yarns. Originally it was used for wrapping cheese or meat and hence the name. It is neither strong nor durable. It is finished in a variety of ways that attract the consumer. It is used not only for women’s and children’s dresses but also for drapery fabrics. Due to its open structure, it does not require much ironing.

Cheese Cloth






  • Chiffon Fabric

Chiffon fabrics are sheer, lightweight fabrics made of hard twisted yarns. Originally these are made in silk fabrics but today they are made from rayon or polyester. They are used for sarees and women’s evening wear. The fabrics encounter the problem of shrinkage.

Chiffon Fabric






  • Chintz Fabric

Chintz is a medium weight, plain woven cotton yarn. It is often given a glazed finish which may be temporary or semi-permanent glazed chintz are available in solid colour as well as printed with floral prints. These are often made from blends of cotton and polyester or rayon. They are used for skits, dresses, blouses, pyjamas, aprons, and draperies.

Chintz Fabric






  • Corduroy Fabric

It is a cut pile fabric available in solid colours. The cut pile fibres are seen in the form of ribs on the surface. It is mainly used for pants, jeans, and shirts.

Corduroy Fabric





  • Crepe Fabric

A silk fabric is originally characterized by a crinkle, puckered surface formed by highly twisted yarns in the warp or weft or both. By using ordinary yarns similar crepe effects can also be produced. Synthetic fabrics also impart crepe effect finish. It is used for sarees, shirts, women and children’s dresses.

Crepe Fabric






  • Denim Fabric

It was traditionally a yarn dyed, warp-faced cotton twill fabric. Warp is usually coloured (mostly blue, maroon, green and brown) and weft is white. This fabric is made of two weights for sportswear and overalls. Its use as jeans has made it very popular and so the nature of denim is also changed to suit the trend. It is often napped, printed and made with stretch yarn.

Denim Fabric






  • Drill Fabric

It is a warp-faced twill woven fabric. It has a stiff finish. Originally it was produced in white and now it is available in solid colours. It is mainly used for pants, knickers, and uniforms.

Drill Fabric






  • Flannel Fabric

Flannel is a woollen fabric woven in plain or twill weave having the characteristic soft handle. It looks like a bulky fabric due to the milling that is usually done to this fabric. Flannel fabric is used for suits and pants and infant’s clothing.This fabric is popular as cleaning fabric due to its extreme softness. This is also used to protect children from the cold atmosphere.

Flannel Fabric







  • Gabardine Fabric

Gabardine is a closely woven, clear finished warp-faced twill fabric. It contains a number of warp yarns than weft yearns and also more durable. It is usually woven in 2/1 or 2/2 twill and has a raised diagonal twill effect on the right side. It largely used for raincoats, suitings, and sportswear.

Gabardine Fabric






  • Georgette Fabric

Georgette is a sheer lightweight fabric, woven in plain weave. It has a characteristic rough texture produced by hard twisted ply, yarns both in warp and weft. Originally it was made in silk, but today it is produced in rayon and polyester too. It’s mainly suitable for women’s evening wear.

Georgette Fabric






  • Kashmir Silk Fabric

Kashmir silk is a silk fabric produced in plain weave and is either embroidered or printed. The motifs used are characteristic of Kashmir. It is used for shirts, women’s wear and sarees. Kashmir shawls are woven in twill weave and are usually embroidered with traditional Kashmiri embroidery.

Kashmir Silk Fabric






  • Khadi Fabric

Khadi is a term used for a wide variety of fabrics that are hand spun and hand woven. They are produced in mainly one cotton fibre, blends of two or more fibres. They are known for durability and simplicity. The fabrics can be suitings dhoties overalls and household textiles.

Khadi Fabric





  • Lawn Fabric

The lawn is a fine sheet, lightweight, crisp fabric either made of cotton or linen. Various finishes are given to this fabric, in which the fabric is called by the name of the finish. It is mainly used as lining in a dress.

Lawn Fabric






  • Mulmul Fabric

It is an Indian term generally applied to fine cotton fabric slightly heavier, than muslin. These are often printed fabrics. They find use as sarees.

Mulmul Fabric






  • Muslin Fabric

Muslin is a lightweight open cloth of plain weave. It may be used as grey or bleached and dyed. It is used as household textiles and dress materials. The name is derived from the city of Mosul where the fabric was first made.It is a very light and open tabby (plain) weave fabric used for summer dresses and utility use. At first, the cloth was not always plain but could also have silk and gold thread woven into it. As the ability to spin yarns of greater fineness developed cotton was used more readily than silk. In this muslin, the motif weaves in and out of the cloth, as if it has been embroidered. In the Madras net, the motif is predominately woven on the surface.

Muslin Fabric






  • Poplin Fabric

Poplin is a medium weight, the cotton fabric having a fine weft rib. it is generally used for shirting, dresses, and upholstery.

Poplin Fabric






  • Sheeting Fabric

These are primarily used for bed coverings. They are medium weight, closely woven fabrics woven either in plain or twin weave. Sheeting fabrics are made in different widths. High-quality cotton sheetings are made in plain weave with a width of 64″ x 58″ and in a twill weave with a width of 60″x72″.

Sheeting Fabric






  • Taffeta Fabric

Taffeta is a smooth, crisp, transparent fabric having a fine rib. Originally it is made with silk fibres but now it is also made of rayon. It has a characteristic finish which produces crispness. It is used as women’s evening wear.Taffeta Fabric






  • Tissue Fabric

It is a fine fabric either made of silk or man-made fibre. They are characteristically interwoven with gold or silver threads. It is produced in rich colours and they are used as women’s dress material, sarees etc.

Tissue Fabric






  • Velvet Fabric

It is a warp cut pile fabric, originally made from silk. It is also produced in Rayon. The dense cut pile makes it very soft and lustrous. It is used as dress materials for women and children. It is also produced with special high twisted yarns which are single or ply yarns. Based on the yarns used and twist given, they are named as semi violes (single yarns1x1) full voiles. (ply yarns 2×2) or half voile (double in warp and single in weft 2×1).


Velvet Fabric





  • Mousseline Fabric

A term used to denote very fine clear fabrics, finer than muslins. Made of silk, wool or cotton, the weave structure is either (plain) tabby or two and one twill. In the 18th century, the British term referred to a fine cloth with a cotton warp and a worsted weft. In France, from the late 18th century onwards mousseline-delaines were made of very fine wool which was printed in beautiful designs. This fabric
proved very popular for fashionable as dress and shawl fabrics. The mousseline cloth is so fine and transparent it is often found backed with another cloth of either a satin or taffeta silk.

Mousseline Fabric






  • Organdie / Organza Fabric

Originally it is a lawn fabric which is given a stiff finish. Acid is used for this finish to make the fabric transparent and stiff. It is mainly used for women’s wear.A thin light fabric in a (plain) tabby weave which, if organza, has a very stiff crisp finish; and for organdie, the finish is lighter or there is no finish, and thus the cloth is more pliable. The structure of the cloth always has more warps than wefts per inch, and the weft threads are finer than the warp threads. Illustrated is a colourful group of organza fabrics.

Organdie / Organza Fabric





  • Leno Fabric

A fabric in which an open effect is created by causing certain thread ends or doup threads to cross over. Two threads or ends act as one thread; when a weft thread passes between them, the doup ends twist catching the weft and holding it tightly in place. Very fancy and beautiful clothes can be produced by combining the cross weaving, with other weave structures.

Leno Fabric






  • Aertex Fabric

A trade name for a cloth patented in Britain in 1886, which was first manufactured in 1888. The cloth traps air in between its structure, keeping the body cool in summer, and warm in winter. Two threads or ends act as one thread; when a weft thread passes between them, the doup ends twist catching the weft and holding it tightly in place. Very fancy and beautiful clothes can be produced by combining the cross weaving with other weave structures.

Aertex Fabric






  • Madras Muslin Net Fabric

Madras net is used mainly for furnishing such as curtaining. The cloth is an open gauze ground cloth where an extra weft is inserted to produce a motif, this is then woven into the ground cloth. Where there is a surplus floating weft yarn this is then cut away after weaving revealing the motif, the edge of the sheared motif shows shorn ends of a weft yarn.

Madras Muslin Net Fabric






  • Aida cloth Fabric

Aida cloth is a cotton fabric with a natural mesh pattern generally used for cross-stitch embroidery. The open, even-weave Aida fabrics’ natural stiffness enables the fabric the embroiders choice.

Aida cloth Fabric






Different Types of Fabrics

When selecting fabric of your clothes, usually you just go with terms like cotton, wool,  knit, polyester etc. As a layman, you may get confused on hearing more specific names like Dupioni silk, Jersey knit, Tweed wool, polyester taffeta etc. Discussions about different weights, feel, drape are all equally confusing. The similar sounding names of fabrics and their differences can also prove to be mind boggling. Here is a post explaining those specifics, especially the many different types of similar fabric names.


Fabric category Fabric names
Very lightweight woven fabrics Batiste, chiffon, net, Voile, Organza, Georgette, transparent fabrics.
Lightweight Woven fabrics Lawn, Muslin, Oxford cloth,Challis, chambray, charmeuse, crepe, dotted swiss, handkerchief linen, silk blouse fabrics, satin, eyelet, lace, Taffeta, lightweight wools and polyesters
Light to Medium Weight Woven fabrics Metallic, Sequined fabrics, elasticized fabrics, gingham, percale seersucker.
Medium Weight Woven fabrics Broadcloth, brocade, linen, pique, Velvet,shantung, chintz, velveteen, polyester blends acrylics, Woolens, fleece, gabardine, outerwear fabrics.
Medium to Heavy Weight Woven fabrics Denim, drapery fabric, twill-weave, corduroy, terry, velour, fake fur, double-faced fabrics, quilted fabrics.
Heavy Weight Fabrics Canvas, duck, awning fabrics. sailcloth, upholstery , Burlap, Cheviot, Fleece, Tweed, Doeskin, Mohair
Lightweight Knits Double knit, interlocks, jersey, mesh, panne velvet, rib knits.
Light to Medium Weight Knits Sweater, sweatshirt, two-way stretch, velour.
Medium -heavy Weight Knits Double knits fleece



Types of fabrics Fabric names  
Lightweight Fabrics cotton Lawn, Voile, Organdie,SIlk chiffon, Crepe dechine, georgette, mulsin, Silk organza, Silk habotai
cotton batiste, thai silk
Mesh Fabrics /Open work Fabrics Tulle,Bobbinet, Assuit, Illusion(net fabrics) mesh knits
Buckram, Eyelet fabric, Borderie Anglaise, Lace,Cape net, Tarlatan
Medium weight Fabrics Poplin, Gauze, Damask, Chintz, Sateen. Flannel, Gabardine,
Cashmere, cheesecloth, raw silk, Gingham, Crepe de china
Piled fabrics Fur, Faux fur, Velvet, Chenille,Astrakhan, Plush, Velour, Velveteen, terrycloth, Boucle (loops)
Mild soft pile - Flannel, Suede, Ultra suede, microfiber, flannelette, felt, brushed denim
Heavy weight Fabrics Canvas, Denim, Fleece,, Tartan, Tweed, Towelling fabric, Upholstery fabric
Shiny glossy fabrics Satin, silk ( and all its many types), sateen, polished cotton, cire  
Ribbed fabrics Denim, Gabardine, Corduroy, Grosgrain, Bengaline, Moire,Whipcord, Drill, serge, poplin (Broadcloth), Faille Taffeta, Pique, Bedford cord, Chino, Cavalry twill  


Fabric names

By no means is this an exhausted list as there are innumerous types of fabric available. I have tried to list what I could find by researching around and the list continues to be updated making me realize the vastness of this fabric empire.  




A hemplike fiber used for cordage grown in the Philippine Islands.


Camel or goat hair fabric


A manufactured fiber formed by a compound of cellulose, refined from cotton linters and/or wood pulp, and acetic acid .Acetate fabric, which has a satiny smooth texture, is used in wedding gowns, and as lining . It is also used to make an insulation tape.

Acrylic fabric

Fabric made of Synthetic, manufactured fibre that is soft, lightweight and wool-like. Acrylic fabric is used in winter wear, such as sweaters and fleece.

Active Comfort Denim

This premium ring spun denim features a unique blend of fibers with four-way flex designed for extreme range of motion. It is Lee’s innovation in fabrics.

Admiralty cloth

Melton fabric which is usually used to make military uniforms and peacoats


Thin crinkled semi transparent fabric


A loosely woven cotton fabric that is used to make shirts and underwear.Trademarked name

Aida Canvas / Aida cloth

Stiff coarse open and even weave fabric with basket weave construction used for needlework particularly cross stitch

Airplane cloth

A plain weave cotton or linen fabric used to make mens shirts suits etc 

Albert Cloth

A type of wool double cloth which is reversible with different colours on front and back . It is usually used to make coats


Soft worsted fleece like fabric (resembles the soft downy feathers of the underside of an albatross bird) .


Fabric which is a Mix of wool and silk or mohair and cotton.

Alencon Lace.

A needlepoint lace with fine net background with cord outlining design.


Alpaca fiber is a fine silk like soft natural fiber harvested from the Alpaca animal( South Africa); It is very similar to sheep’s wool and is blended with wool to create suiting materials

Alpaca crepe

Soft fabric in plain weave.

American Pima Cotton

A cross between Sea Island and Egyptian cotton. Grown in Arizona. 

Angora fibres

This is a fibre produced from the long, incredibly soft hair of an angora rabbit. This is different from Mohair which comes from Angora goat. The rabbit is bred for its soft wool. Used to make sweaters and accessories.


Plain or twill fabric, woven from a cotton warp and an Angola yarn weft. Principally used as shirting cloths for the home trade


When washed fabric produces small pill like fibers on its surface – this is mainly due to the low quality of fibers in the fabric. Anti pill refers to fabric woven specially to resist this wear in the fabric

Antique satin

This is a reversible satin with a shiny texture on one side and a slightly slubbed texture on the other.It has a beautiful drape


Fine silk


This is a pattern on knit fabrics in the shape of diamond or lozenges.


A pebbly /raised/ embossed surfaced fabric made from various fibers like cotton, silk, wool, rayon, synthetics, and blends. This fabric with a raised pattern is used to make gowns and drapery. Jacquard weave

Art Linen

A linen woven with even threads that are especially good for embroidery. It is crisp and has a plain weave


Rough fabric with closely curled face resembling Astrakhan lamb’s pelt. Woven or knitted usually with base yarns of cotton and pile of wool, mohair, acrylic or modacrylic fibers


Rich satin fabric.


Heavy cloths used for shop blinds, garden tents and chairs, etc. Also called Duck cloth. It may be plain or striped. 

Baby Combing Wool

Short, fine wool which is usually manufactured on the French system of worsted manufacture. This term is synonymous with “French Combing Wool”.


Cheap coarse cotton fabric

Bagheera Velvet

A  fine, uncut pile velvet; it hs a rough surface.


This is a thick, tough, synthetic nylon fabric which has an even weave initially developed by Dupont. It is an extremely durable material. Used in luggage for reinforcement and abrasion resistance

Balloon cloth

A strong impermeable  cotton fabric once used to make hot air balloons

Banbury plush

Strong uncut fabric with long loops.

Bamboo fibers

Fabric incorporating bamboo fibres is eco friendly durable and strong.They are porous, breathable and absorbent

Banana Fabric

A fabric spun from fibers on the stalk of the banana plant .It is a fine fabric which looks like silk. See also Sinamay


A fabric in printed styles, whether silk, silk and cotton, or all cotton. Originated in India as bright coloured handkerchiefs of silk and cotton with spots in white on coloured grounds, chiefly red and blue


A coarse woolen fabric ( green coloured) napped to resemble felt; used to cover gaming table and as liners and for craft projects. Shrinks when washed. 


A fine rich soft looking lustrous cloth woven from silk, rayon or acetate.  The fabric has granular texture achieved by the short broken ribs in the filling direction. Used in making dinner jackets


Lightweight sheer fabric in plain weave.

Bark Cloth

Slightly textured, Rugged looking 100% cotton fabric ( So named because of its resemblance  to the original bark cloth made from the bark of trees), used for unlined jackets and skirts and also extensively in home furnishing .Bark crepe is a crepe fabric with a rough texture

Baronet satin

Lustrous soft fabric .

Basket weave

A pattern which resembles basketwork. In this weave construction two or more warp and filling yarns are woven side by side to resemble a pleated basket

Bathroom Blanketing (Blanket cloth)

A double faced fabric with nap. The fabric is soft thick and warm.


This is a resit method of making designs on fabric. In this technique of dyeing, parts of fabric are coated with wax, resulting in varying patterns or colors. When the wax cracks, resulting in fine lines or streaks which forms beautiful designs. Batik also refers to cloth made using this method


A fine lightweight semi sheer cloth made from cotton wool or polyester  Cotton Batiste is used in Heirloom sewing.

Batt or Batting

Sheets or rolls of carded cotton or wool or other fiber or mixtures thereof which is used for woolen spinning or for stuffing, padding, quilting, and felting.


This refers to any style of fabric that has beads embroidered into the design. Beading can be done at the time the lace is made or can be re-embroidered after the lace is made

Beaver cloth

A heavy woolen overcoating, napped and pressed down to resemble beaver fur..

Belly Wool

The wool that grows on the belly of the sheep and occasionally extends up the side in irregular patches. It is usually an uneven, different grade from the body of the fleece. It is shorter and less desirable because of its poor lock formation, and it usually lacks the character of the body of the fleece.


A soft rayon lining material with a silk like quality.A trademark of Bemberg Spa, Italy

Bengaline /Faille

A woven fabric ( Almost like poplin) with criss cross ribs ;resembles grosgrain. This fabric is lustrous & durable. The corded appearance given by the ribbed pattern makes it unique. It is  most often used in millinery, ribbons, and suits.It may be made of natural textiles, such as cotton, wool or silk, or from synthetic fibers, such as rayon or nylon; it also often is made of a combination of two different materials. usually used in suiting, this fabric is stretchy and durable. Also available in moire or a floral jacquard. Usually is a rayon-acetate or cotton acetate blend.

Binding cloth

Bookbinders’ cloth of muslin character, dyed, and embossed. Very stiffly finished.

Blanket cloth

A heavy weight fabric with nap used to make overcoats


A machine-made cotton lace net produced by the bobbinet frame; It is also called genuine tulle.


Twilled or corded fabric of cotton or worsted wool


A plain, loose, even thread weave of worsted or cotton used for flags.


A plain, coarse, heavy yarn cloth, used for wrappers, and upholstery. Generally made from jute, hemp, or flax yarn.

Bedford (Cord)

A strong, ribbed fabric that can be made from cotton, wool, silk, or a combination of fibers, which looks somewhat like corduroy.  It is a very durable and strong material used usually as pant material, upholstery material

Berber fleece

A type of fabric that is very warm lightweight and soft.It usually has a slightly nubby texture and subtly flecked appearance and a  knit backing made of polyester/modacrylic ; It  is used to make outer garments like jackets.

Bicast leather (PU leather)

Material made with split leather with a thick layer of polyurethane applied to the surface and then embossed. It is easy to clean and maintain and is used in furniture covering.

Biopolished cotton

A type of cotton treated by an enzyme that removes the roughness on the surface. The tiny loose protruding yarns of natural cotton are polished, creating a softer, smoother feel

Black Wool

Any wool containing black fibers. A fleece having only a few black fibers is rejected by a grader and goes into the black wool bag because there is no way of separating the few black fibers in the manufacturing processes. Black wool is usually run in lots that are to be dyed.

Black-top Wool
Wool containing a large amount of wool grease combined at the tip of the wool staples with dirt, usually from a Merino. This wool is usually fine in quality, of good character, and desireable in type, but the shrinkage is high.


Blended fabrics are made when two or more different kinds of fibres are mixed together to create a new fabric with unique properties

Bonded leather

A material composed of leather fibers and other substances, such as polyurethane, formed together to create the appearance of genuine leather. It is difficult to spot difference in items made with genuine leather and bonded leather. Bonded leather, as it is made from scraps and leftover pieces of leather, is inexpensive compared to genuine leather.


A fine English twilled fabric of silk and worsted or cotton.

Boiled Wool

Thick, dense fabric that is heavily fulled to completely obscure its knitted construction.It can be said to be almost water proof

Botany Wools

Originally referred to merino wool shipped from Australia’s Botany Bay. It has become a generic term used to describe superlative wools and fine worsted sweaters.


A type of woven or knit fabric made with yarn with a looped ply. It has a looped, knotted surface


Thermal underwear fabric.

Breech or Britch Wool

Wool from the thigh and rear region of the sheep. It is the coarsest and poorest wool on the entire fleece. It is usually manure-encrusted and urine-stained fiber. It should be “skirted” and removed from a fleece for a hand spinner.


A clothing fabric that is tightly woven in a plain weave with a crosswise rib. Similar to poplin, but finer. Earlier broadcloth used to be made of wool but nowadays it is made of cotton or cotton/polyester blends.


A heavy rich and decorative textured fabric woven with different colours of silk /cotton/polyester threads along with metallic thread. The weave of brocade gives the illusion of embossing or embroidery. It usually has patterns of flowers woven in to it. More on What is Brocade

Broderie Anglaise

Cotton fabric with eyelet embroidery done all over


This fabric looks just like brocade and is used for home decor to make drapery and cover upholstery. The pattern will be puffed or blistered and will be in high relief, and is made on a jacquard loom 

Brushed Wool

Finished yarn or material that has been brushed to raise all loose fibers to the surface, i.e., the commercially-spun mohair yarn.

Buck Fleece

A fleece from a ram. The wool usually has a heave shrinkage due to excessive wool grease; thus wool of this type is not worth as much in the grease as a similar wool from ewes or wethers. Some buck fleeces have a distinctive odor that many find objectionable.


A loosely constructed, heavyweight woven fabric in a plain weave that is very coarse and durable and inexpensive. It is usually made from the skin of jute plants or sisal fibers; used to make bags, table runners and many home décor products.


A coarse, stiff, plain open-weave fabric  stiffened with glue; used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing


A light soft leather from the skin of hairy sheep; used for making gloves and garments.


A plain weave cloth coarser than muslin made from unbleached and not fully processed cotton. The name came from Calicut (India), where the art of colour printing was first practised. Printed calicoes now generally pass under the name of chintz.They have a busy, small floral pattern


A very fine fabric, without any weaving faults. It is made of cotton

Camel’s Hair

A Natural fiber obtained from the hair of bactian camel, used to make coats sweaters and suits


A fabric of Asian origin; originally made of silk and camel’s hair.

Canton crepe

A soft crepe woven fabric with small crosswise ribs. Similar to crepe de chine but heavier.


An extremely durable fabric made of cotton or linen. Canvas comes in two types – plain and duck.Used for heavy duty uses like for making sails, tents and backpacks


A plain weave fabric used for casement window curtains, usually white or cream, made from good quality yarns, well woven, mercerised finish


An incredibly soft wool made from the downy undercoat of cashmere goats. Considered a luxury fiber because it’s one of the rarest and most expensive fabrics available.shawls and sweaters in this fabric is highly prized.

Carpet Wool

Coarse, harsh, strong wool that is more suitable for carpets than for fabrics. Very little of this type is produced in the U.S. Some of the choicer carpet wools are used to make tweeds or other rough sport clothing. Some breeds, like Karakul, are mainly used for rugs.


Fiber produced by crossing cashmere goats with angora goats.


A soft, washable acrylic fabric that keeps its shape and feels like cashmere.Used in sweaters, cardigans and other winterwear.

Cerecloth / altar cloth

A waterproof waxed cloth once used as a shroud (also called altar cloth, used in churches)

Cavalry Twill

A strong rugged fabric with pronounced narrow and wide wale


A lightweight, soft woven fabric made of wool, cotton, or rayon, either in a single colour or in small prints. Its slightly brushed surface creates a silky finish that can easily be dyed and is usually machine washable.

Chambray / Chambric

A fine, lightweight cloth (usually cotton) in a plain weave with colored, lengthwise threads and a white fill.A linen-finished gingham cloth with a white weft and a colour warp, producing a mottled appearance. Similar to denim but much lighter weight.


A soft, lightweight fabric woven with a satin weave. It is a silk, cotton, or manmade fabric with a smooth, semi-lustrous satin finish and a dull matte backing.It is a very drapable material and shiny silk and soft, so very popular to make dresses


Soft pliable leather from the skin of chamois goat. This is mainly used to make gloves and to make cleaning cloth

Charvet silk

A soft fabric with high luster

Chanel tweed

Tweed made with bulky yarns


Fabrics having rectangular patterns formed by crossing a striped warp with weft threads coloured in a somewhat similar order. Check out this post on the different types of checkered patterns

Cheese cloth

A low plain weave fabric ; lightweight soft and thin


Incredibly soft, wool, cotton, silk, or rayon yarn with protruding pile ; fabric resembling this yarn ; It is popularly used in upholstery


A soft fine wool.


Heeringbone weave. The fabric has V shaped weave across the width of the fabric


Lightweight, sheer fabric with a very good drape and crepe like feel. It is made of twisted filament yarns with a soft weave. Usually woven of silk, but also made of rayon and other synthetic fibers. It is used in making dresses and lingerie. The name is derived from “chiffe,” the French word for rag or flimsy cloth. More on Chiffon here.

China silk 

This is a lightweight, relatively inexpensive silk used chiefly for  dance costumes. The fabric is  soft, lightweight & opaque

Chinchilla cloth

A heavy, spongy woolen overcoat fabric with a long nap that has been rubbed into a curly, nubby finish.


Nowadays it refers to clothing with floral prints. Earlier it used to refer to printed calico


A cotton fabric of a left-handed twill, which has a sheen. It was originally used in England for military uniforms. Washes and wears extremely well with a minimum of care


A usually glazed printed cotton fabric with bright figures, large flower designs, birds and other designs. It also comes in plain colors.It is named after the Indian word “Chint” meaning “broad, gaudily printed fabric”. Used widely in upholstery fabric.


Printed linen


Taffeta like Nylon fabric with a shiny surface

Cisele velvet

A type of velvet with Cut and uncut loops forming a  design ;  the pattern is formd by contrast between cut and uncut pile loops. 


A cotton/ silk/rayon fabric with a raised woven heavy, sponge like hammered/blistered texture;  raised woven pattern has a puckered or quilted look


A heavy weight wool or wool blend material that is perfect for making warm coats and other winter clothes out of.


The coarse, stiff fiber extracted from the outside layer of the husk on the shell of a coconut.


It refers to the property of a fabric to resist fading or running due to washing, exposure to sunlight, and other environmental conditions.

Combed cotton

Refers to cotton with the highest thread count with highest quality. When cotton is “combed,” the shortest, additional fibres of a batch are removed with a wired brush. This process produces high-quality yarns with excellent strength and softness. Combed cotton is finer, softer, stronger and more compact.


A medium- to heavyweight thick and ribbed fabric (usually cotton), often used for clothing. A distinct pattern of vertical ribs, tufted “cords” is formed by twisted fibers that lie parallel to one another with channels in between the cords. A durable cloth, it is used to make jackets, trousers etc.


An extremely soft and environmentally sound material made from a combination of Angora rabbit hair and organic cotton.


The most widely-used fabric made with natural fibers. Excellent for most projects. Comes in a variety of weights and thickness

Types of cotton fabric and cotton weave 

Broderie Anglaise

Brushed cotton
Cotton velvet
Crinkle cotton

Diaper cloth
Outing flannel

Silkcotton mix
Madras cotton
Polished cotton
Pima cotton


Shirting cotton
quilting cottons

Cotton backed Satin

A very high luster satin with a rayon face and a cotton back.

Cotton voile

 Lightweight and somewhat sheer fabric, it is perfect for draping.

Cotton Lawn

 Cotton Lawn is similar to cotton voile, but crisper.

Crazy Horse

Authentic American leather that is treated with oil and wax in a unique tanning process. During this process, the oil and wax surface to create a rich, beautiful patina that’s fade-resistant and long-lasting.


A process of creating a loose, open knit fabric by looping thread, wool or strands with a hooked needle.


Originally called crapes, now it refers to all fabric, silk, wool, or synthetic fiber fabric with a distinctively crisp, crimped appearance. Special hard-twisted yarns are used, and when the cloth is washed or finished a crepe effect is produced which is permanent, due to the shrinkage of the special yarns. The varieties of crepe include crepe de chine, wool crepe, Moroccan crepe, plisse crepe and crepe georgette. Crepe comes in different weights and degrees of sheerness.Crepe charmeuse has  a soft luster ; crepe de chine even more luster, it is sheer and very soft. Crepe de laine is another sheer fabric with a soft touch. Crepe meteor is a soft crepe which looks like satin from the front and georgette from the back. 

Crepe back satin

This is satin with one side crispy crepe and another smooth.It is very light weight and drapes beautifully and hence very suitable to make dresses.


An unglazed heavy fabric; brightly printed; used for slipcovers and draperies , from hemp or linen

Crepe de chine

Lightweight silk fabric with a satin finish on one side

Crinkle satin

Crinkle Satin is a light weight fabric, used mainly for cool, summer clothes


A fabric used as stiffening for dresses. It was popular in the bygone days as the stiff fabric made of cotton or linen make the underskirt for gowns

Crinoline net

 A very stiff polyester or nylon netting with good resiliency. Used to add body, especially height to large sleeves or skirt poufs..


A fabric similar to tencel and rayon, which has great drape similar to silk and breath ability like cotton.


A polyester fabric which is the trademark of Dupont

Duplex prints

Cotton cloths printed on both sides in two distinct operations. The designs may or may not be the same.


A rich, glossy reversible fabric of silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibres usually woven with a variety of elaborate patterns that are flat. It is used for table covers, napkins, curtains, upholstery cloth, etc . They can be reversible or one-sided only. Designs floral or geometrical.


A lightweight, silky-soft polyester fabric that has a slight shine to it. Dazzle is primarily used to make sportswear , sports uniforms and active wear because it absorbs moisture quickly and allows air to easily circulate around the body


Soft, supple leather skin from deer hide. Makes first-quality garments; especially soft shirts, loose pants, and skirts..

Denim / dungaree / jean

A sturdy warp faced heavy-weighted rugged coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric; It is usually of colour blue and is used to make work clothes and prominently used to make jeans and casual wear.It does not stretch or drape well.Checkout the post on the different types of denim fabric 

denim fabric

Diaper cloth

A fabric (usually cotton or linen) with actwill dobby or plain weave; very absorbent


A lightweight but strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedcovers and curtains; sheer, thin, white or printed fabric with lengthwise cords, stripes or checks.It is the two warp threads thrown into relief that form fine cords.


A fine smooth soft woolen fabric. It has a leather like appearance

Dommet flannel

This fabric is soft and has a fleecy appearance


A wool tweed that has colorful thick slubs woven into the fabric..


Muslin with stripes

Dotted Swiss

Semi sheer crisp fabric with small raised dot pattern

Double cloth

A type of woven textile in which two or more sets of warps and one or more sets of weft yarns are interconnected to form a two-layered cloth. The two fabrics are woven on the loom at the same time, one on top of the other, the two layers are held together using binder threads

Double Gauze

2 layers of gauze are loosely woven together making the fabric very airy and breathable.. 

Double knit

Knit fabric that looks same from both sides


A layer of fine feathers that grows under the contour feathers of ducks, geese and other waterfowl. Used as a thermal insulator because it’s known for warmth; used as filling in sleeping bags, pillows and comforters.

Dress net

Very lightweight netting fabric ; usually used to make tutus


Very durable Cotton twill fabric used in men’s and women’s slacks.It is a medium weight coarse fabric. When dyed a khaki color, drill is also called “khaki”.

Duchess satin

This is one of the heaviest and richest looking satin. It is commonly seen in wedding gowns and formal wear.beautiful lustre. Satin weave fabric

Duck cloth

A plain woven cotton fabric ; heavy-weight cloth (usually cotton) that is soft, breathable and durable. Tightly woven and retains color beautifully.It is commonly called canvas.It is a sturdy utility cloth used in home décor projects.


Soft plush high quality fabric that looks like velvet; velvet like pile on one side; also called commando cloth.


A coarse heavy woolen fabric


This is a textured silk  fabric recognized by irregular-sized, thick fibers woven into the base fabric. It has a lustrous sheen Derived from the Italian word “doppione”, meaning double. Two silkworms, having an affinity for one another and wanting to remain together may spin one cocoon, instead of two separate ones. It is difficult to unreel the two filaments separately from these cocoons, so knotting and slubbing often occur in the yarn. A shantung is a “type” of doupioni, but a doupioni isn’t always a shantung.Italian Doupioni is the finest, followed by Chinese Doupioni and Indian Doupioni. Doupioni is also seen in man-made fibers such as polyester, acetate and referred to as Doupionini. Silk Doupioni is most often found in men’s and women’s fine suits and also dresses in lighter weight silk Doupioni.

Egyptian cotton

Egyptian cotton is a finely woven, high-quality cotton from Egypt. This high grade of cotton boasts the longest and strongest fibers.It is known for its softness


A type of high quality velvet fabric woven on a wire loom or épinglé loom. The épinglé velvet is distinguished by the fact that both loop pile and cut pile can be integrated into the same fabric; it dfferes from velvet in that it doesnot undergo the usual shearing process after weaving


A style of decorative fabric stitched with small cut out openings. A type of fabric which contains patterned cut-outs, around which stitching or embroidery may be applied in order to prevent the fabric from raveling


A fabric  with fringe oblongs resembling eyelashes.


This is also known as spandex. It has great stretch and is used to make swimwear sportswear tights. The fibers of elasthane can be incorporated with other fibers to provide elasticity. It is denoted by EL on care labels


Twill weave smooth surfaced fabric with fine double diagonal ribs


Lustrous Light weight fabric with a ribbed surface. 

English net

Fabric made of threads knotted to form a mesh. English Net is usually heavier than nylon net. Usually made from cotton or polyester, it is much softer and used as a base on which to applique motifs..


Silk or rayon with small designs all over the fabric which stand out against a sheer background


A soft ribbed silk with wider ribs than seen in grosgrain ribbon. Slightly glossy..

Fake fur

Acrylic fabric made to resemble real fur. More on faux fur here


Feather from birds used as decorations and trims 

Faux leather

Imitation leather


A non-woven fabric made by matting wool fibers by the application of heat, moisture, and pressure Felt is used to make many thing including clothes, crafts, hats etc. More on felt here


An all-wool fabric of plain or twill weave, usually quite pure since it is worn as underclothing. The best flannel is made from fully shrunk yarns with a slight twist

Canton flannel – Heavy flannel with one side twilled surface and one side fuzzy surface
Outing flannel – This is fuzzy on both sides.


A soft cotton fabric imitating flannel.It has a nap on one side.


Linen is obtained from Flax plant


A soft smooth and insulating fabric with a nap.It is made from Fiber sheared from animals (such as sheep) and twisted into yarn for weaving.



A lightweight fabric which is twill, woven silk, or silk and cotton blend, usually decorated with a small printed pattern. It has a very soft finished and is used as scarves, trimmings and neckties.

French terry

The knit fabric that has loops designed to absorb water on one side while the other side is flat. It is a jersey version of terry cloth and is used to make sportswear; it has enough stretch and is used popularly in men’s women’s and children’s clothing


A heavy woolen fabric with a long nap.

Full-grain leather

Refers to leather that have not been sanded or buffed, it is considered to be the highest quality of leather.

Faux Fur

Fabric made of synthetic fibers to resemble animal fur; It is increasingly being used instead of fur in clothing by animal activists

Faux silk

A fabric which looks like silk but is not. It has the look of silk without its difficult-to-care-for property.


A strong, durable, heavy, coarse woollen cloth with a nap usually one on side. The pile is made by the over-wire method to create a closed-loop pile.


A term given to the class of cotton fabrics which includes corduroys, moleskins, constitution cords, cords, heavy Bedford cords, etc., used for clothing purposes.fabric with a slight nap


Clothing made of furry animal hides; Skin of mammals like fox, beaver are usually used for fur.


A firm, tough tightly woven fabric with a subtle, diagonal line of twill and sometimes a high sheen.Used to make suits, overcoats, trousers, uniforms, windbreakers, and other garments; traditionally worsted wool, but may also be cotton, texturized polyester, or a blend


A thin translucent fabric with an open weave similar to cheesecloth. It is used for dressings and absorbandt sponges; It is also made in silk.


A sheer, lightweight crinkled fabric (crepe silk) named after a French dressmaker Georgette de la Plante, it is woven from hard-twisted yarns to produce a pebbly surface. Creates a lightweight, flowing look. Pure Georgette is made of silk, rayon or polyester is also used to weave faux georgette.


A middle-weight, plain woven cotton fabric typically striped or checked in white and a bold colour or plaid using two or more colors with a plain weave made of cotton or cotton blend yarn.It derives from Malay word ginggang which means striped. The pattern of coloured squares in a gingham cloth is very attractive

Glen checks

A woolen fabric with small, even check designs..


A gossamer is a very light, sheer, gauze-like fabric

Grois point

A fabric which features large points of yarn on the surface of the fabric.


A coarse fabric of silk mixed with wool or mohair and often stiffened with gum.


This usually refers to grosgrain ribbon which is a strong, closely woven, corded ribbon with narrow, horizontal ribs, usually used as trim. It is also available as a fabric with narrow horizontal ribs

Handkerchief Linen

A lightweight linen fabric with a plain weave. It is used to make Handkerchiefs and bias binding. 


Another name for china silk


Cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments


Coarse fabrics made of Jute ; Also called Burlap.


A fibre obtained from the stalk of the plant “Cannabis sativa.” It is inferior in quality to flax, but stronger and easily bleached. The better grades are used in the manufacture of carpets


The legal definition of this term is “cloth, the wool of which was hand spun and woven on hand-looms at home.” They are coarse fabrics of tweed character


A coarse, loosely-woven fabric woven in hopsack or basket weave.


A cotton fabric with a peculiar weave – best uses as kitchen towels


A dyeing technique used on yarns prior to weaving; The tie-dyed threads are woven to create a rich and lively pattern on a fabric. Ikat fabrics often possess a distinct look based on their region of origin


Similar to tulle, illusion is a fine net used in bridal veils. Usually made of nylon. Sometimes Illusion is available in silk which is very expensive..


Also known as Tshirt knit. A type of knit fabric that is identical on both sides. It is the tightest knit and gives the smoothest surface.  It comes in natural and synthetic fiber. It is primarily used as Tshirt material

Irish poplin

Fine linen or cotton shirting also made in Ireland. It was originally a fabric constructed with silk warp and wool filling in plain weave with fine rib


A fine, sheer plain-weave cotton fabric


A type of fabric that is defined by the process of weaving (by using the jacquard attachment on the loom) that creates it. It is a decorative fabric with an intricately woven pattern. Some types of jacquard fabrics have specific names, such as damask and brocade.


A Dress making knit fabric that is made of wool, cotton and synthetic fibers. Soft and breathable, with extra “give” for comfort. it is usually thinner or lighter-weight than Interlock knit with less stretch making it appropriate for tops and fuller dresses. Tshirt jersey is a cotton jersey with a 2 way stretch. Tri Blend jersey is a blend of poly rayon and cotton fibers and qualities of each of them


A natural fiber woven from long soft and shiny vegetable fiber from the plant Jute. Used to make shoes, rugs, decor and more. It is extremely durable and eco friendly as it is biodegradable


Fabric made of cotton, linen, wool, worsted, or manmade fibers and blends;The name means earth colour and is derived from Indian word; this fabric is a Tan or dusty colored warp face twill.


A soft leather made from the hide of a young goat for a supple hand. 


A fabric that results from knitting, a process in which yarn is manipulated in in a series of connected loops either by hand or by machine. Comes in a wide variety of weights, stretchy and great for garments.


Types of knit

Cotton spandex knits

Cotton ribbed knits

French terry knits

Cotton jersey knits

Fleece knits

Sweater knits

Lycra spandex knits

Ponte de roma knits

Speciality knits


This is a decorative fabric that is very delicate, made by machine or hand in an open weblike pattern, making it see through

Lamb’s wool

Very fine grade wool clipped from lamb’s upto 8 month old. It is very soft slippery and resilient


A soft leather made from the skin of a young sheep.


A shiny metallic looking  fabric which is woven or knit with metallic threads that form either a solid or a decorative pattern


A finely-woven, semi-crisp fabric woven in cotton or linen. It is very lightweight breathable and has a smoth texture. It is primarily used in heirloom dresses, blouses, collars, and cuffs. Also makes great underlining.


A collection of essential pieces of clothing, bedding and accessories for a newborn child.


A fabric made from the fibers of flax plant. Coarse fibers taken from inside the woody stem of the flax plant is used to make this fabric. Linen is considered cool, absorbent, breathable and durable

Different linen fabric

Butcher’s linen

Linsey woolsey

A coarse fabric first made in Lindsey, England, of wool combined with flax or cotton.


Cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds


A fabric woven with lisle thread (a type of cotton).


Long coarse wool which is very light weight lustrous and warm is obtained from an animal Llama in South America

Loden Fabric

A thick, soft, waterproof, windproof, wool used in outerwear that has a characteristic green color..


A stretchy spandex fiber introduced in 1958 by DuPont. Usually woven with other fibers to provide extra comfort, movement and shape retention


Brand name of a yarn with a metallic appearance. It has a sprkling appearance. The fabric knit with this yarn is also called Lurex. The fabric is soft, with a good tretch and drape


Hide of an animal after the fur is removed, used to make clothing and accessories.Some common names are alligator, buckskin, calfskin, chamois, cordovan, cowhide, crocodile, doeskin, grain leather, kid, lambskin, mo-rocco, nappa, patent, peccary, pigskin, pin seal, reptile, reversed leather, Russian, shearling, skiver, snakeskin, and suede . More on different types of leather and How to buy leather here


Fabric made to look like leather.

Liquid cotton

A luxurious cotton jersey designed with an ultra-smooth and slinky finish.


A brand-name spandex stretch fiber trademarked by DuPont in 1958.


Fabric made by knotting rather than knitting or weaving. A Coarse lacework is made by knotting a series of cords, threads, strings or yarns into a decorative pattern


A heavy double woolen cloth heavily napped and felted, often with a plaid design


A lightweight water proof fabric.


A lightweight, breathable cotton with a typical patterned texture, often in brightly coloured plaid patterns, used primarily for warm-weather clothing.


This refers to a fabric that is made by Interlocked, different coloured fibers twisted together to create a long, continuous strand resulting in a contrasting effect on the finished garment, which is preferred by many designers around the world.


Lightweight sheer fabric of gauze weave (open)


Heavy weight high luster pile fabric


Thin lightweight lustrous sheer fabric


A method which results in a quilted or padded look. Derived from French for “cushioned or padded,” matelasse patterns mimic the style of hand-stitched quilts.The fabric has a springier, bubbly textured weave


A fabric made from more than one colour yarn. Yarn will be of many tones and hues. It resembles tweed, but is very lightweight.

Merino  wool

A type of high-quality wool made from the fleece of purebred merino sheep. It is fine, strong, stretchy and dye-retentive.It is soft and luxurious as cashmere


Soft lustrous fabric in satin weave


A type of knit, woven, laced or crocheted fabric with a net-like, open weave. Mesh is lightweight and breathable, which makes it ideal for warm-weather clothing.


A wool fabric that looks like felt


An ultrafine synthetic fiber made from usually polyester. It is used in clothing and other textiles because it is soft, stretchy and stain resistant and it wicks away moisture. Microfiber is also ideal for cleaning products because it is non-abrasive, absorbent and leaves no lint or dust. It is also called Microdeniers. The different types are acrylic microfibers, nylon microfibers, polyester microfibers, and rayon microfibers


Soft lightweight knitted fabric

Milk yarn

Milk yarn is a glossy and luxurious yarn made from milk protein fibers and is used in making kids wear lounge wear tshirts and underwear. It combines the qualities of synthetic and natural fibers


A type of rayon made from fibers of the beech tree. It is soft, smooth, shape-retentive (even when wet), durable, colour-rich and lustrous.


A corded fabric (usually silk, but may be cotton, wool or rayon) having a wavy, watermarked pattern on the surface


Hair fibers of Angora goat used to make sweaters, coats, gloves and scarfs.


A heavy cotton fustian cloth with a great number of picks raised before dyeing, resulting in a brushed surface. Used for workmen’s clothing where very hard wear is required. It is used to make sportswear.

Monks cloth

A heavy weight cotton in a 4*4 basket weave

Moss crepe

Crepe fabric with a mossy texture

Mother of pearl

The strong, lustrous and iridescent lining of the oyster, abalone or other mollusk often used to make buttons.


A plain soft fine sheer fabric of cotton, silk, or rayon. The cloth is bleached and soft finished.


A medium-weight, woven fabric of cotton or cotton/polyester blends of plain weave. Used in a wide variety of sheers and sheeting. It is bleached and undyed. It is very economical and comes in a good range of weights and fineness.


A kind of pale yellowish cotton cloth

Nappa Leather

A rich supple calf leather that has been tanned with a special oil mixture for a soft, pliable feel.


A brand of polychloroprene by DuPont®. It’s an extremely durable synthetic rubber that is lightweight and buoyant, and has an outstanding resistance to temperature, chlorine and general physical wear.


Small knots of tangled fibers added intentionally to increase the fabric’s aesthetic appeal. The knots can be made from the same or different colour and material.


Like lace, this fabric is transparent and used for accents

Net fabric

Open weave fabric with geometrically shaped holes. Learn more about different types of net fabric here


A fine strong sheer silky fabric made of silk or rayon or nylon.

Nonwoven fabric

Fabric that is not made by weaving, knitting, knotting, or crocheting. 


Nubuck is the top side of leather, slightly sanded to make it more resistant to scuff marks and give it a suede-like feel. Its texture is finer than suede because a superior brushing technique leaves the natural grain pattern intact. It’s made from split-grain (half of a hide) or full-grain (entire hide) leather.


The first completely synthetic fiber developed by DuPont® in 1938. It is lightweight strong flexible and has excellent stain resilience. It’s often added to natural fibers to boost a garment’s durability


A manufactured fiber with very low melting point .


Cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin


A lightweight, manmade material also known as polypropylene. It is known for its strength, colourfastness and comfort, its resistance to staining, mildew, abrasion, sunlight and its good bulk and cover.

Organdie / Organdy

A fine thin, light, and transparent cotton fabric with a stiff, crisp finish. It is the sheerest finest cotton cloth

Organic cotton

Cotton grown on fields where the soil is free of all artificial pesticides or insecticides. 


A lightweight, plain-weave fabric made of nylon, silk, polyester or rayon. Crisp and sheer with a medium to high thread count.

Ottoman rib

A elegant, lightweight, 100% polyester woven fabric with a stiff, heavyweight, warp rib (vertical running yarns) sometimes referred to as Ottoman cord made of silk or a mixture of cotton and other silk like yarns


A fabric with one side trated with oil or covered in vinyl to make it waterproof. Used to make kitchen acessories, table cloth etc

Outing Flannel

Soft, twill or plain weave fabric napped on both sides. Used for baby clothes, diapers, and sleepwear.

Oxford cloth

A soft, thick and durable, cotton or synthetic blend with a plain or basket weave that boasts a silk like, lustrous finish. It is usually used to make shirts;  It is characterized with narrow stripes and can be woven in plain or basket weave.


A swirled pattern of fancy, curved teardrop/droplet shapes of Persian origin

Panama cloth

A plain woven worsted wool, sometimes resembling the texture of Panama hat..


A silk or rayon velvet with lustrous pile flattened in one direction by applying heavy pressure. It has a high sheen which is very valued by designers.It comes with with irregular watermarks


A lightweight and very soft fabric which is made from wool combed from the undercoat of Himalayan mountain goats. 

Patent Leather

A type of leather that has been treated to create a shiny, hard surface.


Peached fabric

A soft feel usually obtained by sanding the fabric lightly; it also can be achieved with chemical or laundry abrasion.


A closely woven plain-weave fabric that’s smooth, firm, medium weight and fine. Usually made of cotton from a minimum of 180 threads per square inch

Performance Knit

This is a knit fabric with poly/nylon and spandex fibers usually used in athletic wear. Qualities are moisture wicking and good stretch and recovery

Permanent press fabric

A fabric that has been chemically processed to resist wrinkles and hold its shape.

Peau de Soie

This fabric  has a very smooth, silky, semi-dull appearance. Usually heavier than most satins.It  is slightly corded. 


Very thick, waterproof woolen coating, usually dark blue, is used for men’s trousers or heavy coat.

Pile knit

A type of knit with a decorative pattern of yarns interlaced to create loops, most often used in faux fabrics.

Pile weave

A type of weave with a decorative pattern of yarns interlaced to create loops.


A term used to describe small balls of fibers tangled together on a fabric (usually fleece). Pills are generally caused by wear and tear producing an uneven, worn look

Pilot cloth

A thick blue woolen cloth with nap used to make overcoats and coats for sailors etc.

Pima cotton

One of the best grades of cotton in the world with long, luxurious fibers.This  luxurious high-quality long-staple cotton  resists pilling.


A fabric with very narrow ribbing.


A type of weave with two-over, one-under stitching. More durable than most weaves but less soft than sateen. This soft and lustrous oxford cotton has an ultra-fine basket weave.

Pina Fabric (Pineapple)

Light weight soft and beautiful fabric made from fiber obtained from the pineapple leaf.It is very popular in philippines.


Thin, evenly spaced white or grey lines on dark fabrics, often used in suiting.


A woven or knit fabric usually made of cotton, rayon or silk. Medium- or heavyweight, it’s characterized by raised cords, or ribs, in all-over waffle, honeycomb or diamond patterns. It usually has spandex bended to make athletic wear


A crinkled fabric


Fabric with a high soft pile.; used to make soft toys

Point d’esprit

A net like fabric with a repeat pattern of small dots in the netting.


A soft medium weight fabric in a twill waev.

Pongee silk

This is a medium weight silk with a slight irregularity in the yarn to give it some texture. Used extensively in period garments and wedding gowns.This unbleached silk with a rough woven surface requires an underlining for stiffening.

Poodle cloth

Cloth made from Boucle yarn which resembles poodle dog.

Polo cloth

Soft Fabric with a heavy pile.

Polished cotton

Either a satin weave cotton or a plain weave cotton that is finished chemically to appear shiny..


Man-made fabric that is very popular. Low water absorbency. Often used for clothes. Learn more about polyester here


A popular, high-density plastic. This polymer can be melted into a liquid and then remolded as it returns to a solid state. Its fibers are so strong, that in some cases, polyethylene is used to construct bullet-proof vests.


A lightweight, manmade material characterized by a high-strength, abrasive quality. Also boasts moisture-absorbing, stain- and fade-resistant qualities. (Also known as Olefin.)


A combination of polyester and resin metals reinforced with fiberglass mat.


A lightweight plastic often used for insulation. Its heat- and shape-retention abilities make it moldable and comfortable. Commonly used to fill beanbag chairs.

Ponte Roma

A double knit fabric with some stretch across the grain. It is a thicker fabric than other knits and is more stable


A tightly woven plain-weave fabric (usually a light weight cotton) characterized by a corded surface. A durable fabric, poplin is usually made of cotton but can also be silk, wool or synthetic blends. It does not wrinkle much and is popular for making shirts, dresses.Checkout the post on what is poplin ? and tips on how to sew and care for the fabric

Poult de soi

Also called faille taffeta. It is a silk fabric with heavy cross ribs.

Quilted fabric

Fabric layers stitched together with padding/batting in between

Rabbit hair/wool

Hair of a rabbit  used in woven wool’s as a substitute for vicuna to give a soft effect in the fabric.

Raccoon fur

Black or brown raccoon hair.


Soft and smooth fabric with hugh luster


Material obtained from the leaves of the raffia palm, a plant in Madagascar with featherlike leaves that yield strong, flexible fibers. After the fibers are peeled from the stem of the leaves, they’re dried in the sun. They are used on walls, lampshades, table mats or as upholstery. Rabbana is the cloth made out of Raffia.


A woody fiber characterized as being extremely durable. It is used to make fabric called mechera used to make dresses suitable for warm climate.It is obtained from a plant grown in china

Raschel knit

A lace like open-worked knit construction, where heavy, coarse yarns are held in place by finer yarns. It has good draping qualities and is also easy to sew. It is frequently used as an unlined material for coats, lingerie and dresses.


A group of smooth, synthetic fibers manufactured from cellulose. It’s known for excellent softness, drape, high absorption and a lustrous look. It has all the comfort properties of natural fibers and imitate the feel and texture of silk, cotton or wool. Read more about rayon here

Rayon Spandex

Lightweight 4 way stretch fabric (also called modal) made of poly rayn and spandex fibers


A type of weave that creates a subtle ribbed texture.


A natural or synthetic compound. It’s a lightweight and tough material. Plastic is an example of a synthetic resin

Rib Knit

A stretchy, durable knit fabric with alternating raised and lowered rows frequently used for trim on socks, sleeves, waists and necklines


A flat, long and narrow strip of fabric made in a variety of weaves, including grosgrain, satin and velvet

Ric Rac

A woven trim characterized by a zigzag pattern.

Ringspun fabric

A soft durable fiber (usually cotton) spun prior to knitting, so it’s finer, softer and more durable than ordinary cotton. The twisting prior to weaving makes the short hairs of cotton stand out, resulting in a stronger yarn with a significantly softer hand.


Fine woven fabrics, often made of nylon, plainly woven with coarse fibers ribbed at intervals to stop tears. Lightweight and durable, ripstop also boasts wind and water resistance. It is also very strong and is used to make sporting apparel like jackets, pants and utility bags


A reddish brown homespun fabric , a coarse cloth made of wool and dyed with woad and madder to give it a subdued grey or brown shade..


A category of fabric used to make sails in boats OR a firmly woven canvas cloth


A synthetic material with a soft, nonslip surface that absorbs shock and reduces fatigue. These properties make it ideal for grips and handles


A fine soft silk fabric often used for linings.

Sarong skirt

Asymmetric wrap skirt with either side ties or other closure which looks like a sarong


A type of fabric weave that creates a soft, smooth, lustrous surface.They are usually treated with a high luster and crease resistent finishes


Checkout the tips for caring and sewing with Satin fabric

A fabric with a silky, lustrous finish on one side and a dull finish on the other, made so by the type of weave used. The fabric’s long, interlaced yarns have no visible pattern, which creates a smooth, shiny surface. It comes in different weights (light to heavy). Similar to silk in appearance.

Types of satin and satin weave

Cotton Backed Satin – a very high luster satin with a rayon face and a cotton back.
Charmeuse – a soft, drapey, clingy fabric with a high luster face and a dull back.
Crepe back satin – a soft lustrous fabric with one side pebbley and one side shiny.
Peau de Soie – This satin fabric has a very smooth, silky, semi-dull appearance. Usually heavier than most satins.
Slipper or Bridal – A basic satin that may vary in weight.
Duchess Satin – Full bodied and heavy satin.
Panne – stiffest textured satin weave
Antique – This satin has a dull, nubbed surface


A woven, light- to medium-weight fabric with a puckered appearance made of cotton or rayon.It is commonly striped or chequered


A very light textile made from cotton, or sometimes flax. Its light weight and translucent. The fabric is used for bookbinding and upholstery.


This is a type of twill fabric which is one of the basic suiting fabrics. It has a firm, compact twill weave and traditionally is woven from wool. Mostly used to make military uniforms

Serpentine crepe

A plain weave with lengthwise crinkled effect. Also in a ribbed form with heavy filling in the ribs.


Woven with warp and filling yarns of alternating white with black, brown or blue.


This is a rough, plain weave (1×1) silk fabric made of uneven yarns to produce a textured effect, particularly evidenced in occasional thicker threads in the weft or filling. Originally made of wild silk yarns on hand looms from the Shantung Province in China..


A lightweight, woven fabric made from cotton or linen. It sometimes has a crinkled texture and is commonly used for seasonal bottoms like capris.

Sherpa (fleece)

Knit terry fabric brushed and washed to raise the fibers for a fluffy, plush feel. The thick terry loops stay soft and absorbent over time


A sturdy twill-weave smooth finished cotton fabric; used for pockets and linings

Silk Satin

Fabric with satin weave with a plain back..


This natural fiber is known as one of the finest textiles because of its softness and radiant sheen. Very delicate and light-weight fabric. Very slippery and oftentimes difficult to work with. Silk comes in many forms. 

Types of silk fabric and silk weaves

Noil – A weak silk made from short waste fibers from the inner cocoon; It is similar to cotton and has a nubby texture.
Dupioni – Medium weight Crisp silk fabric with a beautiful texture; uneven and irregular
Tussah – Soft and luxurious  silk ; also known as tusser
Fuji silk – also called silk broadcloth
China silk – also Habati – used for lining
Shantung – a linen look fabric great for suits
Matka – jackets, skirts, pants – interlined with silk organza will never wrinkle
Taffeta – a distinctive look and rustle
Crepe de chine – beautiful for blouses
Charmeuse – a satin side and matte side

Peau de soi
Silk linen
Silk Satin
Poult de soi


A ribbed V-knit material (usually nylon) offering firm support, shape retention, and elasticity.


An open-weave, straw-like fabric spun from banana plant fibers. Usually dyed and stiffened, but pliable, and mainly used in the production of hats.


A coarse, durable material often used for rugs because of its anti-static, natural insulation and flame-resistant qualities.


Slipper Satin

A very durable kind of satin, it has a very high thread count.Used to make evening gowns.

Slub jersey

Lightweight 2 way stretch fabric with horizontal slubs on the face.


Extremely stretchy fabric used to create tight, form-fitting pieces that make moving easier.Used in dance , fantasy and period costumes

Stitch bonded fabric

This is a nonwoven fabric which looks like woven fabric and has fibers running in  parellel direction .It is mostly used for industrial purposes .  The fabric made by bonding has good tensile strength and high thermal resistance ; they provide  greater range and flexibility than woven fabrics

Stone washed

This refers to a washing process that uses abrasive stones to achieve a soft finish.Mostly done on denim.


A soft twilled fabric of silk or of a blend of silk and rayon.


The softer side of leather, which has been brushed, leaving a velvet like texture.It is made from the hide of a cow though  goat, pig, calf and deer are also commonly used


A woven fabric with a flat, napped surface finished to resemble suede. .

Sueded fleece

A very smooth and luxurious fabric that involves a unique finishing process to gently sand the fabric making it very soft.


An abbreviation for “superior pima.” Made of 100% American pima cotton or extra-long staple cotton.


A family of fibers designed to create durable, stylish accent and kitchen rugs. Because of its versatility, mills can use SUPRIVA fibers to create fashionably printed rugs, elegant solids and natural-looking textures

Swiss Dot

A small dot pattern woven or embroidered on a very lightweight fabric.


Used to describe manufactured materials made to imitate a natural material.

Sweater knit

A machine made knit fabric that looks like hand knitted fabric


A versatile nylon fabric trademarked by DuPont® that’s incredibly soft, yet durable. It’s lightweight, versatile, breathable, shape-retentive and easy-to-wash.


A medium-weight, plain-weave fabric with a slightly ribbed texture that is known for its lustre. It has a smooth, crisp feel and is made from silk or rayon.It has a soft lustre and is used to make ball gowns.

Tapa cloth

A fabric made from the bark of the paper mulberry tree. 

Tape yarn

A pure cotton yarn used to create a narrow, woven fabric. The yarn is wide and flat like a ribbon. It is a soft with an airy texture and ideal for warmer temperatures. It is used for crafting


A heavy textile with a woven design.It is usually hung on walls as a decoration


A heavy duty waterproofed cloth sometimes made of nylon or other manmade fibre.


This is a multi-colored plaid fabric which is generally associated with Scotland region. Authentic tartan designs originated in Scotland where different plaids were used to represent each clan and their heritage.


A small-scale check/plaid design against a solid background. The check pattern is woven  into cloth


A trademarked DuPont fiber used as a water-repellant coating on garments.


An environmentally friendly man made fabric made from wood cellulose. A brand of lyocell trademarked by Tencel Ltd. It is machine washable.It is soft and has a good drape and is popularly used to make pant shirts and jackets.


An absorbent knit fabric usually in cotton, that has a plush pile of loops on one side or both sides. This fabric is used to make towels , bathing robes etc.Extremely water absorbant.

Terry Velvet

The ordinary velvet, but with the pile weft left uncut.

Thai silk

It is a heavy silk, woven in brilliant  iridescent colours.

Thermal knit

Also called waffle knit because of the appearance of ribs on the surface


A strong smooth lustrous fabric


Refers to a very light weight fabric. Tissue Taffeta is a beautiful transparent fabric 


Various fabrics (linen or cotton) used to make towels


French term for a sheer cloth; this cloth has prints of pastural scenes.

Transparent Velvet

Lightweight, soft sheer velvet of silk or rayon pile and silk or rayon back, which drapes well. This fabric is used for evening gowns, negligees

Tropical wool

A smooth wool fabric made from two-ply yarns in an open plain weave. Often used for summer clothing, tropical wool is lightweight enough for year-round wear.


A plain knit fabric formed by interlooping adjacent, parallel yarns. Known for being exceptionally soft and versatile. Its unique weave allows it to be smooth on one side and with texture on the other side. It is usually used as lining.


A lightweight/ medium weight, breathable sturdy worsted fabric made of lightly twisted yarns in a double twill

Tri Acetate

A fiber similar to acetate with good wrinkle recovery.It is made by modifying wooden cellulose


 A knitted fabric which is soft and lustrous.

Tsumugi Silk

This is fabric which has a somewhat coarse, homespun quality and handsome appearance, with yarn-dyed striped or plaid patterns.Made in central Honshu, Japan

Tufted fabric

Fabric decorated with short clusters of elongated strands of yarn. Made by hooked needles into fabric structures or by high-speed tufting machines..


Fine, lightweight, stiff net of hexagonal mesh. Generally made of silk, rayon, or nylon. Used for ballet costumes, bridal dresses, and veils.. More on tulle here

Tumbled leather

A type of leather with a unique, pebbled finish that looks like soft wrinkles.

Tusseh silk / Tussah silk

Silk woven by silk fibers produced by wild silk worms; it has a rougher texture than silk woven by cultivated silk worms; also called raw silk colloquially and wild silk


A middle- to heavyweight, coarse rugged woolen fabric with color-speckled yarns. It is rough and unfinished and has a flexible plain weave  twill or herringbone structure.


A woven fabric characterized by distinct, diagonal lines on the surface. It’s very strong, yet relatively lightweight. It is a medium weight fabric perfect for creating structured garments like pants, suits etc. Eg :  flannels, serges, gabardines


A trademarked synthetic microfiber that feels like natural suede but is stain-resistant and machine washable.


A low pile faux fur like fabric which is very soft, luxurious and plush ; it has a polyester construction that is a cross between fur and velvet. It is usually a medium-weight, short-pile textile. The is used mostly in making stuffed animals


Velvety corded wool.


A medium-weight, plush knit fabric with a napped surface, usually made of cotton, with qualities similar to velvet. It’s soft and plush with a close, dense pile. It is used in clothing and upholstery.


A woven, medium-weight tufted fabric made of natural or synthetic fibers. Its pile is cut and evenly distributed and brushed for a rich, plush texture that stands straight up. Velvet has a high sheen with a short pile that drapes loosely. Cut velvet has a soft flat burned-out pattern.  Crushed velvet is  the heaviest with regular watermarks. Brocaded velvet has an embossed pattern. Panne velvet has an extra high sheen.Translucent velvet is lightweight and reflects light that appears almost iridescent. Check out the post on different types of velvet


A woven, cotton fabric with a velvet-like but short and compact pile.

Velveteen plush

A cotton velveteen, but the weft has longer floats, which when cut give a longer pile. The pile is also firmly bound


A wrinkle resistent  fabric which is  92% nylon and 8% spandex.

Venetian fabric 

A lustrous fabric of twill weave or sateen weave.


A lace without a net background. The background surface of the lace is removed after the lace design is made with chemicals


This is a fabric weave with light horizontal bands and strong vertical bands of the same colour


Textiles made from wool obtained from fleece of vicuna. It also refers to textile made in imitation of the wool. The fur is of orange red colour and it is extremely soft and very much valued. 


A versatile plastic with physical properties that make it ideal for a wide variety of consumer products. Depending on its application, vinyl can be any thickness or colour, it can be rigid or flexible, and it can also be weather-, heat- or impact-resistant


A fabric made from a twilled mixture of cotton and wool.Lightweight, soft and warm


The most common type of rayon, it is manufactured from wood pulp and treated with chemicals. The result is a soft and absorbent fabric.Feels supple and soft


A soft, fine, sheer fabric with a slightly crisp feel. Usually made from plain woven cotton, but can also be made from acetate, silk or rayon. It is lightweight see through and has a good drape. It is used to make summer clothes and curtains


Thick coarse wool.

Waffle cloth

Soft honey comb weave cotton (usually) fabric made on a dobby loom; A fabric similar to pique in texture


A ribbed bulky fabric which is closely woven; It has a back nap.; Also refers to a thin tough cord used to make whips


Plain or twilled fabric which is a mixture of wool with cotton or linen.Strong and lightweight


Fabric woven of metallic wire.


A thick, heavy natural fiber, obtained from sheep and certain other animals eg Cashmere from goats, mohair from goats, angora from rabbits. . They all have a surface of overlapping scales, are easy to dye, but difficult to bleach. Sheep’s wool is by far the most abundant, and is produced all over the world. Wool also refers to a weave

Fabrics of wool fabric and weave

Houndstooth check
Flannel wool
Chinchilla cloth
Botany Merino wool
Glen checks
Harris tweed
Herringbone wool
Beaver cloth

Linsey woolsey
Loden fabric
Rabbit hair
Pilot cloth
Poodle cloth
Panama cloth
Oatmeal cloth
Merino wool
Mackinaw fabric

Wool crepe

A lightweight wool fabric with a dry pebbly surface


Cotton and wool blend fabric.

Worsted wool

Fabric made from a smooth compactevenly combed  wool yarn made from long wool fibers ; with a hard textured surface and no nap; woven of worsted yarns.


A general term applied to fabrics and yarns from combed wool and wool blends. Worsted fabric is made from worsted yarns and is tightly woven with a smooth, hard surface. 


Fine wool.


Black hair of the wild or domesticated ox found in central Asia .


A fabric usually made of silk or polyester or rayon with a pleated crinkle effect. It is a lightweight and durable fabric


Italian wool or twill fabric


Lightweight wool or worsted fabric. Used for making suits ; the twill fabric is also used in umbrellas


Soft piled wool.

*Slub – an uneven area in a yarn which gives the fabric a textured surface.


30 of the most well known {Synthetic fabrics} and the synthetic fibers that make them.

The word synthetic means “made by chemical synthesis, not naturally or organically, meant to imitate a natural product.” This word in the name of the fabric itself tells you what it is all about. Synthetic fibers are inorganically made man made fibers, made from chemicals based on oil products And Synthetic fabrics are made from synthetic fibers  as a substitute for natural fabrics, with the better qualities of these natural fabrics in them.

The chemicals used to make the synthetic fibers like sodium hydroxide and carbon disulphide are derived from coal, oil, or natural gas.

Properties of Synthetic fibers and Synthetic fabrics

These fabrics are engineered by men to have all the qualities they want. Most of the fabrics made of synthetic fibers have many things in common. Some are good and desired, some not so good. But there they are.

All synthetic fibers are filament fibers with a rod like structure, long, circular in shape when cut in a cross section. The synthetic fabrics have a smooth and shiny appearance. They are lightweight  but very strong, much stronger than the natural fabrics – a very desirable quality; they are all poor conductors of heat;They are generally easily maintainable, with less creasing.The fabric dries quickly. They have natural elasticity and flexibility. Easy maintenance is what attracts it to you and me as clothing fabrics. These fabrics are, to top it all, inexpensive. 

Now to the bad- Synthetic fabric do not have the breath ability of natural fabrics. They do not absorb moisture, which makes them rather uncomfortable on the skin.  All of them melt with a chemical odor when put to flame and leave molten bead as residue . This will stick to your skin if you are wearing it when it is melting. It is considered as a Burn Hazard by the US military.

The cost to the environment due to the manufacture, use and disposal of synthetic fabrics are many –  air pollution and water pollution are the first things (and the worst) that come to my mind.The fact that they are non-biodegradable and can remain in the same form for many many years spells even more doom.

However bad or good or the best you think they are, there is no escaping from synthetic fabrics for us humans.”  The global market size of synthetic fiber is projected to expand at a compound annual growth rate of 7.25% between 2018 and 2023″

They are slowly winning the war against natural fabrics and I can foresee a time when natural fabrics will only be seen in a textile museum. But there is one thing that can halt the production of synthetic fibers – nonavailability of its raw materials – oil products.

Reference : If your clothes aren’t already made out of plastic, they will be

List of the most used Synthetic fabrics


1 Nylon

Nylon is one of the most used synthetic fabrics; Since it was produced as a replacement for silk by DuPont, it has had an unprecedented growth in  usage across all sectors –  apparel,, industrial, home furnishing, automatic, construction etc. The nylon fabric is preferred for its qualities like strength, resistance to abrasion, flexibility, quick drying, water resistance etc.  You can learn more about Nylon fabric here.

2 Polyester

Polyester was another discovery by the DuPont company. It is now the most popular apparel fabric in the world. The durability and strength of polyester fabric along with its cost effectiveness and easy maintenance makes it the chosen fabric for most fast fashion labels. Read more on Polyester fabric and Polyester fabric care for answers on frequently asked questions like “Will polyester shrink” etc.

3 Acrylic

Acrylic, the fabric that closely resembles wool fabric is a pure synthetic fabric. It is understandably made as a substitute for wool. You get acrylic wool yarn which can be knitted into fabric or you can buy acetate clothing at a fraction of the price of wool, but just as warm and soft. In fact many wool garments that you buy may be made of acetate. The uninformed person can easily be fooled because of its close resemblance to wool in softness and appearance

4 Spandex 

Spandex is a true blue synthetic fabric made of Polyurethane with a lot of elasticity; an alternative name for spandex is Elastane. It can stretch up to 400% of its original length and spring back in the same condition. It is lightweight and has the ability to wick moisture from the body. This fabric is the most popular choice for clothing that require flexibility like sports apparel, exercise wear, form fitting clothes, swimwear etc. Most of the casual clothing today will have some amount of spandex fibers woven into its fabric. More on Spandex here


“Olefin fiber is a synthetic fiber made from a polyolefin, such as polypropylene or polyethylene” Wikipedia. It is not much of an apparel fabric but it is widely used in home furnishing, making ropes etc. It is one of the most environment friendly fabric among the synthetic fabrics as the production process is so and it is recyclable. It is strong, lightweight, durable and is available in many textures.

6 Synthetic fur, leather and Suede

Synthetic fur/ leather and suede are manufactured to replace costly leather and suede and have most of the appearance of fur/leather/suede right about them. Synthetic suede resemble sueded leather. They are widely used to make accessories like bags, shoes, belts etc as well as clothes like pants, jackets at very less expense than making the with leather/suede or fur. Synthetic leather is made with a polyurethane face and has a knit or woven backing. The synthetic suede is made of nylon/polyester blended yarn and then the fabric is brushed to get the appearance of suede.

7 Neoprene

This is a water proof synthetic rubber (Polychloroprene ) used in the apparel industry. It was invented in 1930 by DuPont company as a  substitute for natural rubber. It is latex free, very strong, water proof and resistant to damage from solvents, oils, weathering, and abrasion. It is used to make bags, laptop sleeves, scuba wear, wet suits and sportswear.

8 Polyester fleece

Polyester fleece is a two sided pile/napped fabric made from polyester fibers. Microfleece is a very lightweight and soft synthetic knit fabric. Polyester fleece fabric has the insulating capacity of wool. In fact it is warmer than wool and lightweight too. It was first made by Maiden Mills USA, and marketed under its trade-mark names PolarTec and Polar Fleece.

9 Micro fiber

Microfibers is a synthetic textile made from ultra fine yarns like acrylic, polyester and nylon. Microfiber is  1/20 the diameter of a silk fiber, which is the finest of natural fibers. It is  used to make clothes and upholstery and very famously as cleaning cloth

10 Vinylon

Companies in Japan and China make vinylon based on petroleum. But North Korea has no oil reserves. Instead it makes vinalon from two commodities it has in abundance: coal and limestone.

Some very famous Branded Synthetic textiles 

11 Lycra® 

Lycra® is the registered trademark of Invista for a very resilient spandex fabric .

12 Gore-Tex®

Gore-Tex Fabric is one of the most waterproof fabrics available. It is produced by W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. It has a special coating on it made of expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE-Teflon) that makes it water proof but breathable

13 Tactel®

TACTEL® is a very lightweight and soft form of Nylon  with a crinkle finish developed to make clothes.  Superior strength and durability and easy maintenance are other advantages.

14 Kevlar

If you are looking out for fabric for making Bullet proof clothes do not go further than Kevlar. It is one of the strongest of all synthetic fibers. Infact it is said to be 5 times stronger than steel. It was developed by DuPont company in 1971.

15 Artic Fleece®

Artic Fleece is a superior polar fleece developed by Menra Mills. It is light, insulating, breathable, abrasion- resistant, easy to wash and quick-dry and is used  extensively in active outdoor apparel

16 Polartec

Polartech is the trademarked name for a biodegradeable polyester fabric (polyester fleece)made from recycled plastic bottles by Maiden Mills USA.

17 Dacron® & Terelyne

Dacron is the registered name for polyester material by Dupont. Terylene [ICI], along with Dacron® [DuPont] in the U.S, are the first commercially marketed polyester fibers. They are strong, hypoallergenic, non-absorbent, and mildew-resistant fabrics with high resistance to stretching,and degradation by chemical bleaches and to abrasion. 

18 Coolmax®

Coolmax is the brand name for a series of polyester fabrics developed and marketed by Invista (Wikipedia)” Moisture wicking, quick-dry and comfort are the qualities that this fabrics bring to apparel industry.”They’re designed to transport moisture away from the body to keep wearers cool and dry to help them optimize their performance at different levels”says their website here

19 Cordura®

Cordura is one of the toughest fabrics today. It is used to make outdoor clothes and military apparel because of its strength, endurance and water resistant, abrasion resistant qualities. It is made with high tenacity air jet textured nylon 6,6 filament yarns. It can also be blended with natural fibers. The registered brand name is the property of INVISTA 

20 Darlexx®

This is the registered brand name of a fabric with Windproof, waterproof, and breathable qualities with high stretch ability belonging to the Shawmut Corporation.

21 Nomex®

This is a heat proof fabric which is used to make garments for firefighters, astronauts racing car drivers and in the petro chemical industry where contact with heat and fire is present. The fabric has a low level of flammability and does not melt or drip like other synthetic fabrics and is extremely strong and durable. You can read more about its durability here.

21 Supplex® 

This is a 100% nylon fabric by INVISTA with the feel of cotton with extra qualities of anti-abrasion, breathable, holds shape, anti-tear, waterproof, dries fast, retains color and can be UV protective.

22 DrySport®

Dry sport fabric is the registered trademark of InSport for a fabric used for making sportswear, like cycling jerseys. It is double faced with one side nylon and other side Polyester Spandex blend. It’s  moisture-wicking property pulls dampness away from the skin keeping the body comfortable at all times.

23 Toughtek®

This is the brand name for an abrasion resistant grip fabric owned by Harrison Technologies. It is non-slip in wet, dry, hot and cold conditions

24 Solarmax®

This is the fabric used to make flags and banners which are always out in the sun because of its extra ultraviolet resistance. It is a 100% Nylon fabric.

25 Schoeller® – keprotec

A  group of highly tear and abrasion resistant fabrics, used to make protective clothing made with tough Kevlar® fiber.They are owned by Schoeller Textil AG, Switzerland and were made originally for motor cycle racing. They have other trademarked textiles with high performance like  Schoeller®-stretchlight, Schoeller®-prestige

26 Rhinotek®

This refers to high grade abrasion resistant water resistant fabrics that are coated with a patented Copolymer formulation by Harrison Technologies 

27 Nano Care 

This is a range of stain repellent fabrics from Nan-Text textiles. The fabric is coated with a special textile finishing called Nanotex which uses nanotechnology to increase resistance to spills and stains. 

28 Lurex®

Lurex is the registered trademark name for a type of yarn. It is a yarn made from a thin strip of aluminum sandwiched between two plastic films. The metallic sheen is the highlight of fabrics made with this yarn. The best thing about fabric made with this fabric is that the metallic  sheen does not fade or tarnish. No more using of gold or silver to get that permanent and luxurious sheen to your clothes and at a fraction of the cost. Read more about this fabric here.

29 Avora®

Avora is the trademarked name for Flame resistant polyester fiber from INVISTA ( new name of DuPont). It is used to make Flame-resistant fabrics with permanent flame resistance.

30 Dyneema & Zylon – the strongest fibers

Dyneema is a high-end laminate fabric constructed from non-woven composites. Zylon ( PBO fiber) is a synthetic fiber produced by Toyobo Corporation. These are said to be the strongest of all synthetic fibers.



Use our Inquiry form below or email us your purchase order email your request to please provide us with detailed information..


We can match you color by emailing you your color code like TPX or PMS  mail us or give us your swatch to match .We will send you a lab-dip before dying your fabric.


We can print fabric in many different ways. Please email us your graphic depending on fabric content and type. We will recommend the best method for you .

your brand .



Are you just starting? no problem we handle all of your pre-production for you.


Call Us: 800-775-7227


Step By Step Contact Working Days
Step 1 Knitting Fabric   7-10  Days | If Stock 0
Step 2 Dying Fabric 7-14    Days
Step 3 Fabric Printing  7-14      Days


100% combed cotton (cprs) Future / Order Base
18/1 100% Cotton Also available in Contamination-Free
20/1 100% Cotton Also available in Contamination-Free
24/1 100% Cotton Also available in Contamination-Free
30/1 100% Cotton Also available in Contamination-Free
36/1 100% Cotton  
40/1 100% Cotton Also available in Contamination-Free
50/1 100% Cotton Compact Yarn
60/1 100% Cotton Compact Yarn / Incoming
100% Karded / open-end cotton (cprs) Future / Order Base
12S 100% Cotton OE  
18/1 100% Cotton  
20/1 100% Cotton OE  
20/1 100% Cotton  
30/1 100% Cotton  
Poly / Cotton Future / Order Base
10S 50/50 Poly Cotton  
18/1 50/50 Poly Cotton  
20/1 50/50 Poly Cotton  
22/1 50/50 Poly Cotton  
30/1 50/50 Poly Cotton  
36/1 50/50 Poly Cotton  
40/1 50/50 Poly Cotton  
50/1 50/50 Poly Cotton  
30/1 65/35 Poly Cotton  
40/1 65/35 Poly Cotton  
30/1 88/12 Poly Cotton IN STOCK NEW
100% Rayon Future / Order Base
10/1 100% Rayon  
20/1 100% Rayon  
30/1 100% Rayon  
30/1 100% Rayon MVS  
40/1 100% Rayon  
Poly / Rayon Future / Order Base
30/1 50/50 Poly Rayon  
40/1 50/50 Poly Rayon  
30/1 65/35 Poly Rayon  
100% Spun Poly RS Future / Order Base
10/1 100% Poly  
20/1 100% Poly  
30/1 100% Poly  
40/1 100% Poly  
60/1 100% Poly  


Slub Products

100% Cotton Future / Order Base
10/1 100% Cotton Slub  
20/1 100% Cotton Slub  
30/1 100% Cotton Slub  
40/1 100% Cotton Slub  
50/50 poly / Cotton Future / Order Base
30/1 50/50 Poly Cotton Slub  
100% rayon Future / Order Base
10/1 100% Rayon Slub  
30/1 100% Rayon Slub  
100% poly Future / Order Base
10/1 100% Poly Slub  
30/1 100% Poly Slub  


Heather Grey Products

90/10 Heather Grey Cotton Future / Order Base
20/1 90% Nat Cotton / 10% Blk Poly  
22/1 90% Nat Cotton / 10% Blk Poly  
30/1 90% Nat Cotton / 10% Blk Poly  
40/1 90% Nat Cotton / 10% Blk Poly  
90/10 Heather Grey Rayon Future / Order Base
30/1 90% Nat Rayon / 10% Blk Rayon  
30/1 90% Nat Rayon / 10% Blk Poly  
90/10 Heather Grey Poly Future / Order Base
30/1 90% Nat Poly / 10% Blk Poly  
50/50 Heather Grey poly / Rayon Future / Order Base
30/1 40% Nat Poly / 10% Blk Poly / 50% Nat Rayon  


99/1 Cotton / Blk Poly

99/1 cotton / blk poly Future / Order Base
30/1 99% Cotton / 1% Blk Poly  
40/1 99% Cotton / 1% Blk Poly  


Dyed Yarns

Dyed Poly Future / Order Base
30/1 100% Black Poly  
30/1 100% Lino Poly  
30/1 100% Marengo Poly  
30/1 100% Antricita Poly  
30/1 100% Ash Poly  
30/1 100% Navy Poly  
40/1 100% H Grey Poly  
Dyed Rayon Future / Order Base
30/1 100% Black Rayon  
30/1 100% Lino Rayon  
30/1 100% Marengo Rayon  
30/1 100% Antricita Rayon  
30/1 100% Ash Rayon  
30/1 100% Navy Rayon  


Lenzing Products

50/50 Cotton Modal Lenzing Future / Order Base
30/1 50/50 Cotton Modal  
40/1 50/50 Cotton Modal  
30/1 Cotton Modal Heather Grey  
40/1 Cotton Modal Heather Grey  
30/1 Cotton Modal Slub  
100% Modal Lenzing Future / Order Base
30/1 100% Modal  
40/1 100% Modal  
100% Supima, Supima Micro Modal & Micro / Modal Lenzing Future / Order Base
20/1 100% Supima Cotton  
30/1 100% Supima Cotton  
40/1 100% Supima Cotton  
30/1 50/50 Supima Micro Modal  
40/1 50/50 Supima Micro Modal  
40/1 50/50 Supima Micro Modal Slub  
30/1 Micro Modal RS  
40/1 Micro Modal RS  
30/1 Siro Micro Modal  
40/1 Siro Micro Modal  
30/1 70/30% Modal / Poly Nat  
30/1 70/30% Modal / Poly (10% Black Poly)  
30/1 70/30% Modal / Poly (30% Black Poly)  


Bamboo Products

Bamboo Product Future / Order Base
30/1 70% Bamboo / 30% Cotton Good for Sublimation and Burnout
30/1 70% Bamboo / 30% Organic Cotton  
30/1 50% Bamboo / 50% Poly  
30/1 Bamboo Heather Grey  
30/1 70% Bamboo / 30% Cotton Siro  


Organic / Recycle Poly

Organic / Recycle Poly Future / Order Base
20/1 50% Organic Cotton / 50% Recycle Poly  
30/1 50% Organic Cotton / 50% Recycle Poly  
40/1 50% Organic Cotton / 50% Recycle Poly  


Organic Products

Organic Products Future / Order Base
20/1 100% Karded Organic With GOTS Certificate
20/1 100% Combed Organic With GOTS Certificate
30/1 100% Combed Cotton Organic With GOTS Certificate, 5K KGS Coming
36/1 100% Combed Cotton Organic With GOTS Certificate
40/1 100% Combed Cotton Organic  
50/1 100% Combed Cotton Organic  
30/1 90% Organic Cotton / 10% Blk Poly  
40/1 90% Organic Cotton / 10% Blk Poly  


Triblend Products 50/37/13

Triblend Products 50/37/13 Future / Order Base
30/1 Triblend Natural  
30/1 Triblend Heather Grey  
20/1 Triblend Natural  
20/1 Triblend Heather Grey  
20/1 Triblend Onyx  
30/1 Triblend Onyx  
30/1 Triblend Natural Organic Cotton / Recycle Poly  
30/1 Triblend Natural Organic Cotton / Recycle Poly  
30/1 50/37/13% Recycle Poly / Organic Cotton / Rayon Charcoal  
20/1 Triblend Natural Organic Cotton / Recycle Poly  
20/1 Triblend Natural Organic Cotton / Recycle Poly  


Filament Poly Products

Filament Poly Products Future / Order Base
30/1 50/37/13% Recycle Poly / Organic Cotton / Rayon Charcoal  


Novelty Products

Novelty Products Future / Order Base
30/1 100% Rayon Negative (Reverse) Slub  
30/1 90/10 Rayon Injected Slub (175)  
30/1 75% Poly / 25% Cotton Injected Slub (Kushboo)  
40/1 75% Poly / 25% Cotton Injected Slub (Kushboo)  
30/1 50/50 Poly / Rayon Mock Twist  
30/1 50/50 Poly / Rayon Mock Twist Slub  
30/1 50/50 Poly / Cotton Mock Twist  
30/1 100% Rayon Mock Twist Slub with 50% Black Rayon  
30/1 50/50 Poly Rayon Mock Twist Slub with 50% Black Poly Twisted Yarn
30/1 50/50 Poly Rayon Mock Twist with 50% Black Poly Twisted Yarn
50/2 65% Cotton Slub / 35% Black Poly Twisted Yarn Intermingled Yarn
50/2 65% Cotton Slub / 35% Natural Poly Twisted Yarn Intermingled Yarn
45/3 77% Cotton / 23% Natural Poly (40S Rayon X 40S Rayon X 75 Poly Black) Intermingled Yarn  
30/2 55% Cotton / 45% Natural Poly Slub (30S Rayon Slub X 150 Poly Black) Intermingled Yarn  
30/1 100% Magic Cotton  
30/1 85/15% Poly Flax  
30/1 85/15% Rayon Flax  
30/1 100% Tencel  
40/1 100% Tencel  

Let’s get creative.

You are unique and with our vast selection of Fabrics, fabrications and silhouettes, the possibilities are endless.

Tell us what you’re looking for, and we’ll make it happen.

Start your order today.

Contact,call 800.775.7227 or use the inquiry form below.

Ones we contact you we will works with you to plan your request. We map out each sample and find the right fabric and price points.

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Please note: if you like us for us to match your swatch color in the color section say "swatch match" 

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